Deskew Tools

Deskew is a tool for deskewing scanned text documents. Deskewing is a term used for fixing the scans to get the lines of text straight. That means rotating the image of the scanned page a little to compensate for the misalignment of the paper in the scanner.

Deskew uses Hough transform to detect "text lines" in the image and their orientation. As an output, you get an image rotated so that the detected lines are horizontal. You can find more theory in introductory post Deskewing Scanned Documents if you are curious.

Deskew is a command line tool for Windows, Linux, and macOS. Simple GUI frontend also exists. Based on the user feedback and my own usage, I'd say it works quite well 🙂 On occasion, I think about stuff like: Deskew web app, GPU deskewing, Deskew app for Android, and even Deskew Photoshop plugin!

Deskew's README

All Posts About Deskew


Command line tool and GUI frontend downloads:

  Deskew v1.30
» 4.3 MiB - 20,271 hits - June 19, 2019
Command line tool for deskewing scanned documents. Binaries for several platforms, test images, and Object Pascal source code included.

  DeskewGui v0.90
» 4.1 MiB - 6,073 hits - March 18, 2019
GUI frontend for Deskew command line tool. Prebuilt binaries for Windows, macOS, and Linux. Windows and Linux versions need Deskew command line tool binaries.

Bug Reports & Feature Proposals

Please report bugs and propose enhancements and new features in Deskew's issue tracker:

Source Code

Deskew's sources are hosted here:


If you want to donate to Deskew Tools you can click Sponsor button at Deskew's GitHub page.

71 thoughts on “Deskew Tools

  1. I tried to use this amazing tool in ubuntu server 64 bit using deskew64 command line, I got the following error:
    ./deskew64: error while loading shared libraries: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

    Husam Haddad

      • Thank you, actually I have Ubuntu Server 12.04, in order to include libtiff5 package I have to upgrade at least to Ubuntu Server 12.10.

      • Unfortunately, there’s tiny API change going from libtiff4 to libtiff5. Deskew can work with only one of them – so I chose the newer one.

  2. Elegant, excellent. Thank you.

    The precompiled ../Bin/deskew works flawlessly under Linux openSUSE 13.1 64-bit.

    I’ll give you a plug on my site shortly.

    Thank you again.

    Cheers, Andy

  3. Nice program to deskew an image. Is there an option to generate the output with no loss in quality ? I have noticed that JPEGs get compressed to lesser quality.


      • Can you explain how to simply find the angle but not rotate using this tool? Since I’m dealing with archival TIFFs I need to keep the DPI and embedded metadata in place, so I’m thinking I would use ImageMagick to rotate once I have the angle. Thanks.

      • For now you could use -l parameter:
        -l angle: Skip deskewing step if skew angle is smaller
        And use some large threshold so rotation will always be skipped.

        $deskew -l 80 Sken003.png
        Preparing input image (Sken003.png) ...
        Calculating skew angle...
        Skew angle found: 0.23
        Skipping deskewing step, skew angle lower than threshold of 80.00

        For next version I plan to modify this: angle is optional and if omitted rotation is always skipped.

  4. Bug:
    When deskewing images and converting from one format to another (for example, from jpg to tif) if the source image is not deskewed (rotation angle smaller than the default 0.01) then the source image is simply copied to the output image without conversion to the appropriate format, which results in files with wrong extension.

    For example, running this command on an image that doesn’t need deskewing (can happen in batch files)

    deskew -t 200 -o image_001.tif -b FFFFFF image_001.jpg

    will simply copy image_001.jpg to image_001.tif WITHOUT actually converting it to TIFF format.

    The workaround at the moment is to specify -l 0 or to convert every file to destination format prior to deskewing.

    Other than this minor bug, deskew is an excellent program.
    Thank very much.

  5. I just discovered this outstanding tool.

    I am working for a non-profit organization operating a digitization shop. We are now in the process of scanning a lot of old newspapers, as well as old books, etc. After being created by the scanners, some image files are post-processed through a automated workflow using ImageMagick, LibTiff tools and Adobe Acrobat. Some originals are very difficult to align properly and their images come out with small amounts of skew, for example when the content does not properly align with the paper it is printed on. When viewed in the isolated, rectangular environment that a computer screen is, even small amounts of skew, in the order of little more than 0.1 degrees, are clearly visible and produce a bad impression on the reader.

    Your tool is the first one giving us very satisfactory results. The deskewing function included in Acrobat does a mediocre job, often even tilting pages that previously were optically aligned. Your tool, with its very good deskewing, the possibility of setting a minimum threshold for deskewing, and the command line interface, is the ideal for the job.

    Meanwhile, it has two aspects that I would like to modify by recompiling it:

    — The density unit is defined in pixels per cm. Although this does not cause any problem in isolated images, I discovered that when the files rotated and not rotated by Deskew are combined in a multipage Tiff file, the rotated pages appear with a different size when imported into Adobe Acrobat. Either tiffcp or Acrobat (I can investigate which one later) gets confused by the mixing of units in different pages. I am using ImageMagick convert with the -units command to process the files after coming out from Deskew. It works but it is inelegant and introduces an additional step.

    — Deskew compresses the modified images with LZW. Although this is alright for many purposes, it is unnecessary in our case and causes a small delay for each file, which can turn into a lot when we are talking about thousands of files in sequence. Although the ideal would be to chose the type of compression, including none, for now I would like to set the default to no compression.

    I looked into the source files and I think I know where I can make the slight modifications mentioned above. So I tried to compile the code using Free Pascal but the build stops with the following error:

    Linking Bin\deskew.exe
    deskew.lpr(47,1) Error: Undefined symbol: __TIFFerrorHandler
    deskew.lpr(47,1) Error: Undefined symbol: __TIFFwarningHandler
    deskew.lpr(47,1) Fatal: There were 2 errors compiling module, stopping
    Fatal: Compilation aborted

    Although I often build software,I am not a programmer and my knowledge of these matters is very limited. When an error like this appears, I’m stuck. Although, of course, I can search for information, it would take a while, which is not compatible with my current enthusiasm with this tool. I really would like to further experiment with it.

    Can you please give me some hint about what to do to solve this? Furthermore, I would like a Win64 build and I don’t know how to do it. Pascal is a complete stranger to me.

    Thank you for offering us this very nice work. I don’t understand why a lot more people don’t know about it.

    Best regards

    • As we later discussed by email FPC version 3+ has some problems linking with precompiled LibTiff (Windows build). For time being use latest version of FPC 2 please.

  6. Thank you. Excellent. I’,m newbie. Please help.
    I have many thousands scanned .tif files, and I need a batch script .bat for this utility.
    .Tif files exist in PICTURE1 folder, I’d like to run and deskewing files copy to PICTURE2 folder. How to write this script .bat ???.

  7. This is a very great tool! Many thanks!

    Using version 1.20 on Mac OS X 10.10.5, I noticed that deskewing .png files would result in output .png files, which are to a small degree blurrier than the original. This is a problem for me with low quality input files.

    What can I do?


    • You could use Deskew just to find the skew angle and then rotate in some other program with better rotation output (ImageMagick maybe).

  8. I do apologise. I have just done some tests and it isn’t the deskew tool that changes the dpi, it is the program I use to crop afterwards.

  9. Hi There,

    Any advice to use the Deskew “tool” in Gimp as a plugin.
    It works nice as a stand alone, but I’m converting a book from paper to document, using “gimagereader” extract the texts and Gimp to cut out the images (that are rarely straight), then straigthen them with the rotation tool there, eventuality also use the perspective tool if they are not perfectly rectangular.

    There are is an older deskew tool in gimp, but does not work (does not compile properly).

    Best regards,


  10. I am not able to use deskew on linux.
    I have downloaded zip file and extracted in home folder.
    however it gives error- deskew command not found.
    can u tell me proper installations steps please?

  11. Deskew is an excellent tool and a huge time saver!
    I have long been looking for a comfortable way to automatically straighten skewed scans of text documents. Deskew does exactly that – no more, no less. Adapting the test bat file for my specific situation was easy even for me who doesn’t know the first thing about programming or scripting.
    However, Deskew would be of even greater use to me (or anyone, I gather) if I were able to process all the image files in a folder without having to add a separate line in the batch script for every file. There must be a way, I suppose …
    I apologize for my complete ignorance and would very much appreciate if you could give me some hint/advice on how I would have to adapt the script for that purpose.


    Best regards

      • Thanks for your reply and the link to stack overflow.
        I’m afraid the explanations I found there on how to iterate a command in a batch file are just beyond my abilities, though, as weird as that may sound to a crack coder.
        So I really appreciate your plan to develop a GUI for people like me. Can’t wait to use it!

        Best regards

  12. This tool is not working for above 20degrees skew image.
    how to implement deskew with above 20degrees skewed images,
    give me any suggestions for solve my problem, Thank you

  13. This is a fantastic tool made even better with the introduction of the GUI.

    I use this tool all the time on magazine pages scanned as raw files and it is a HUGE time saver for me. Even if I have to correct a few images where it doesn’t interpret them properly here or there, I simply cannot recommend it highly enough if you have a requirement for straightening large quantities of scanned images.

  14. Hello,
    On windows with Deskew 1.25 and GUI, can not find the rotated pixtures in directory. !
    Only a visible in the add windows, not in explorer .
    Have you an solution?

  15. DeskewGUI on macOS 10.14 doesn’t seem to like TIFF images.

    Deskew 1.27 (2018-09-07) x64 by Marek Mauder
    Error: File format not supported: Scan.tiff

    file Scan.tiff: TIFF image data, big-endian, direntries=18, height=4200, bps=1, compression=bi-level group 4, PhotometricIntepretation=BlackIsZero, model=Brother ADS-2800W, orientation=upper-left, width=2539

    This was captured by the macOS Image Capture tool.

    • Deskew on Mac needs LibTIFF installed on the system by default. For GUI I’ve now included LibTIFF binaries in GUI’s Mac app bundle so please re-download it to get the updated version.

  16. Excellent tool, thanks, Marek!
    Just one question: my (only greyscale) PNG files become roughly 7 times larger after deskewing. Can that be avoided? A PNG file of 100KB is 700KB after this command:

    E:\Temp-Scans>deskew64 scan.png
    Deskew 1.25 (2018-05-19) x64 by Marek Mauder
    Preparing input image (scan.png) …
    Calculating skew angle…
    Skew angle found [deg]: 4.980
    Rotating image…

  17. I have found an issue, but I would need to send you an image.
    I have a receipt that is perfectly straight, angle=0.
    Receipt is clear and normal, except that it has one red line in a middle of receipt with angle=15.
    When I do deskew without any arguments, it’s ok.
    But when I put deskew -a 25, it rotates receipt 3 degrees right.
    I don’t understand why this is happening, it’s not consistent behaviour.

      • Yes I saw it, looks like a standard image that should be ideal for Deskew but it determines it is skewed. I’ll keep it for testing but for now I have no solution sorry.

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